Violent clashes broke out between Palestinians and Israeli security forces on Friday in Jerusalem's Old City over a recent increase in Jewish visitors to al-Aqsa.
Israeli police say several Palestinians threw rocks at officers and Jewish worshippers after Muslim prayers in Jerusalem's Old City, and 15 people have been arrested.
Anticipating violence, Israel police restricted entrance to the Temple Mount to those aged 50 and older for Friday's prayers, and the compound remained quiet during the actual prayers. The clashes began afterwards when Palestinians took to the streets of the Old City.
The compound, known to Jewish people as the Temple Mount, is the holiest site in Judaism. Known to Muslims as the "Noble Sanctuary," it is Islam's third-holiest site.
Palestinians oppose Jewish worship at the plaza, which overlooks Judaism's Western Wall, seeing it as a first step toward restricting access to the area for Muslims and an increase of Israeli control over the Old City.
Meanwhile, Palestinians marked 13 years since the start of the Second Intifada, or uprising, on Friday in demonstrations throughout east Jerusalem, the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Known as al-Aqsa Intifada, the roughly five-year revolt began in 2000 when then Prime Minister Ariel Sharon visited the Temple Mount, upsetting the Palestinians and setting off a violent uprising which was marked by Palestinian terrorist attacks and an Israel Defense Forces clamp down on the West Bank.
Six IDF soldiers were lightly wounded in the riots and Palestinian medical sources reported that at least ten Palestinian protesters were injured by tear gas and other riot gear used by the IDF.
"The uprising (in 2000) erupted when al-Aqsa mosque was stormed. They [the Israelis] are now raiding al-Aqsa every day," a senior official with the Islamist Hamas group, Mushir Al-Masri, told thousands of supporters at a Gaza rally.
Activists burnt effigies of Israeli leaders and set fire to three coffins, one bearing the words "Death to Israel."
"We call upon our people to revolt against tyranny and aggression. Let a third Intifada be declared because this is the best way to teach the aggressors a lesson," said Masri, adding that "every Jew" would be extracted from Jerusalem.
Despite his calls for a revolt, the protests within Hamas-controlled Gaza were low-key. There was also little sign of major confrontation looming in the West Bank, where Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas exercises partial rule.