Most Israeli Jews are pessimistic about the future of their country's ties with Egypt following the election of Mohammed Morsi as Egypt's president, according to a poll conducted by Tel Aviv University and the Israel Democracy Institute.
The latest Peace Index poll, a monthly tracking survey, found that 52 percent of Israeli Jews believe that while the peace treaty between Israel and Egypt will not be formally canceled, Morsi's election will have an adverse effect on Israeli-Egyptian relations. Only 22% of Israeli Jews think the treaty will remain as it is.
Around a fifth of Israeli Jews believe that the Camp David peace agreement between Israel and Egypt will be canceled altogether: 14.2% foresee a situation of no-war, no-peace, and just 5.2% think that Egypt and Israel will return to a state of war.
The poll also found that 61% of Jewish Israelis do not believe that the Egypt elections will lead to a democratic regime there, while 58% of respondents say they believe the U.S. was wrong in supporting the Egyptian protests last year.
Israel’s Arab population is more optimistic, with 54% believing the Egyptian elections are a positive sign for democracy and 53% expecting the peace treaty with Israel to remain unchanged.
The majority of all respondents (54%), both Jewish and Arab, believe that the election of an Islamist as Egyptian president will strengthen Hamas.
June's Peace Index poll also examined public attitudes on domestic issues, finding broad support for drafting haredim (ultra-Orthodox) into the army at age 18. Some 58% of the Jewish public support exempting a limited number of yeshiva students who are considered “great Torah scholars,” but believe all other yeshiva students should be drafted at the age of 18. Just 9% of secular Israelis favor continuing the current situation, in which all haredim are exempt from mandatory service. Among the haredim, the results are virtually reversed: 92% want the current situation to continue, and 2% think that all haredi men (except "great Torah scholars") should be drafted at 18.
On the issue of drafting Arab Israelis into the army, Jewish Israelis are divided: 41% believe all Arab Israelis should be required to do military or civil service at the age of 18, while 45.5% believe Arabs should continue to be exempt from military service. A large majority of the Arab public (72%) favors the status quo.
The survey also found a slight drop in support for the social protests in Israel: While a majority (56%) of the Jewish public believes that the 2011 protests were a response to genuine distress in Israeli society, only 43% believes that this is the case with this year’s protests. The poll was conducted before Moshe Silman's attempted self-immolation at a demonstration last Saturday.